1. stock market is a place where it connects buyers and sellers to enable effective and efficient trading.
  2. stock market is regulated by SEBI which controls all the activities in the market.
  3. currently there are two stock exchanges in India they are National Stock Exchange and Bombay
    Stock Exchange
  4. All the companies should be listed with SEBI in order to raise capital through public.
  5. .when company raises capital through public for the first time then it will go for Intial Public Offering.
  6. In primary market public can buy shares directly from the company, while in secondary market
    shares of the company are traded.
    7.the person who buys the shares of the company are called Shareholders and they are considered as the
    owners of the company.
  7. shareholders are entitled to receive profits of the company through dividends
  8. The company may distribute profits as dividend or may reinvest the profit for the growth of the
    company.
  9. face value is value of share listed in its books of the company.
  • stock market is a place where company gets listed and helps in trading (buying/selling) the shares of the listed companies.

  • stock market is a central place where it connects buyers and sellers which enables effective and efficient trading.

  • The other markets are
    i) Derivative markets
    ii) Bond market
    iii) currency market

    1. Capital markets describe any exchange marketplace where financial securities and assets are bought
    and sold.
    2. Capital markets may include trading in bonds, derivatives, and commodities in addition to stocks.
    3 .A stock market is a particular category of the capital market that only trades shares of corporations.

  • SEBI- Securities and Exchange Board of India

    SEBI act as a regulatory authority for Indian stock exchanges and protects the interest of the investors in securities..

  • 1.SHAREHOLDER:- The person who buys shares of the company is called as shareholder.
    shareholder is addressed as the owner of the company.
    RIGHTS AND ROLES.:- i) right to appoint directors
    ii) right to vote for the decision taken in the company

    2.PROMOTER:- he is a person who promoted and incorporated the company.
    RIGHTS AND ROLES: -i) right to remuneration
    ii) duty to not make any secret profits

    3.DIRECTOR:- company directors is the one who manages all the business activities of the
    company and is entitled to receive salary.
    RIGHTS AND ROLES:- i) duty to approve financial statements of the company
    ii) power to make calls in respect of money unpaid on shares.

  • 1. PRIMARY MARKET:- primary market is a market where public can purchase the securities directly
    from the company.

    2. SECONDARY MARKET:- secondary market is a market where securities of listed companies are
    traded.

  • IPO:- Initial Public Offering
    when a company raises capital through public for the first time then it is called as Initial Public Offering.

    PROCESS OF APPLYING IPO
    i) Fill the application form issued by the company which will be available with broker /investment
    consultant. Now a days available online.
    ii) Remit the amount to the bank that is designated as collecting center in the application form
    iii) if we have Demat account, we can apply IPO through Demat account which is simple process.

  • shareholder cannot ask for refund or dividend from the company because
    i) refund of share capital leads to reduction of share capital and it is returned only at the time of
    winding up the company.
    ii) dividend is distributed at the discretion of the company (the company may or may not distribute
    the dividend).

  • INVESTMENT:- when a stock is held on a long term basis (usually more than a year) it is called as
    investment.

    TRADING:- buying and selling of shares on regular basis is called as trading.

  • FACE VALUE:- face value is a value of the shares as listed in its books of the company and it is
    also considered as nominal value of shares.

  • SENSEX- SENSEX is the index of Bombay Stock exchange and is calculated by taking average of 30
    companies performing actively in the market.

    NIFTY:- NIFTY is the index of National Stock Exchange and is calculated by taking average of 50
    companies performing actively in the market.

  • NSE has more liquidity than BSE, which makes it a better choice. More liquidity makes trading easy,
    and there are more opportunities to convert stocks into money.

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