Stock Market is a place where shares of public listed companies are traded, it is the primary market where companies float shares to general public via Initial Public Offering to raise company capital.
The primary purpose of a stock market is to provide a structured and regulated exchange where investors can safely buy and sell shares of stock in a public corporation and where company owners can acquire equity investment.
The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) is the designated regulatory body for the finance and investment markets in India. The board plays a vital role in maintaining stable and efficient financial and investment markets by creating and enforcing effective regulation in India’s financial marketplace.
Shareholder : A shareholder is any person, company or other institution that owns at least one share of a company’s stock. Because shareholders are a company’s owners, they share the profit/loss of the company.
Promoter: Promoter is the one who plans a project or formation of a new firm, and then sells or promotes the plan or idea to others.
Directors : Directors are officers of the company who are responsible for managing the company and making the decisions as to its operation on a day to day basis, for the benefits of the shareholders/company.
Face Value : Face value is the nominal value or dollar value of a security stated by the issuer. For stocks, it is the original cost of the stock shown on the certificate.
Dividend : A dividend is defined as a payment made by a company to its shareholders. Usually these payouts are made in cash (called “cash dividends”), but sometimes companies will also distribute stock dividends, whereby additional stock shares are distributed to shareholders.
Bonus : A bonus is an offer of free additional shares to existing shareholders.